"The Bookmaking Habits of Select Species" by Ken Liu was published in the August 2012 edition of Lightspeed (issue 27). Mr. Liu discusses the different ways that different fictional extraterrestrial sentients use to "write."
This piece, by Mr. Liu's admission, is more of a lecture than a story. Instead of following individual characters through a conflict in a setting, Mr. Liu follows different species as they "write" in different settings. This story, if it may be called a story, was not really my cup of tea, although I definitely appreciate what the author accomplished.